What is National Law?

National law, also known as domestic law, includes laws that exist within a particular nation or state. These laws can stem from decisions made by judges, which are referred to as case law, or they may be enacted by the nation’s legislature. In the United States, Congress enacts laws that are subsequently accepted by the president to become federal law. These laws are arranged by subject matter in the United States Code.

The right to freedom of expression is guaranteed. Everyone shall have the right to form associations, and to freely speak and publish his opinions in any language and without interference. The censorship of the press and all other forms of media is prohibited. It is guaranteed that no one shall be compelled to reveal secrets or to testify against himself, except in the case of rebellion or treason, or when his life is endangered. The rights of the accused in criminal cases to a fair public trial and to the assistance of counsel are guaranteed. The compulsion of witnesses, the infliction of torture and cruel punishments are prohibited.

International law and national law are two concepts that prospective law professionals should understand before choosing their area of expertise. While entities use international law to form treaties and solidify agreements between different countries, national laws focuses on county and state laws that occur within a single country. International laws are created through conventions and treaties, while national laws are governed by the legislative, judiciary and executive entities in a single country.

Theme: Overlay by Kaira Extra Text
Cape Town, South Africa