Law is a set of rules enforceable by social institutions. It is a part of society and shapes politics and economics.
Legal systems are divided into three main categories. Civil law, common law and religious law. Each category deals with different aspects of the legal system.
Religious laws are based on the religious precepts of the community. Islamic Sharia and Jewish Halakha are examples of religious laws. They are a source of further law through interpretation and consensus.
Law is a set of rules imposed by a government or a sovereign authority. It consists of regulations that ensure procedural rights and property rights. In many countries, this includes taxes.
There are also various social restrictions, such as censorship, police, crime and punishment. These are debated in political and social spheres. The government can enforce law through the use of courts.
Unlike social rule, laws can be broken. Breaking a law can cause fines or jail time.
Law also serves to promote orderly social change. It can help protect minorities against majorities.
Many people think of law as a science. However, it has been variously described as a morality. This raises the question of the extent to which religion or reason can be considered a part of the law.
A modern lawyer must have a degree from a law school and must pass an examination to practice law. Depending on the country, the qualifications required include a bachelor’s degree, a graduate degree or a PhD in law.