International law is the set of rules, norms and standards generally recognized as binding between states across a broad range of domains, including war, diplomacy, economic relations, and human rights.
The development of international law is shaped by international political events, ranging from the founding of new countries to the creation of international organizations and disputes that arise between states. It also relies on a system of treaties and conventions, which are negotiated and enforced by governments.
There are many areas of international law that are important to the global economy and world society. These include international trade, environmental protection, and world peace and security.
In recent years, the focus of international law has shifted from regulation of state behavior to the protection and accountability of individuals. This has occurred largely as a result of the Nuremberg Trials and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, both of which identified individual rights that were not previously considered by international law.
Those who interact with international law are often lawyers representing large corporations or people who seek asylum in other countries due to violence and human rights abuses. There are also specialized agencies that help solve international conflicts, such as the International Court of Justice and Interpol.
Although most people don’t have to deal with international law, it is still a vital part of the legal system. The United States sends its armed forces around the world under a series of treaties, and international laws govern safety regulations on products that are sold in the U.S.