The first year of law school is usually highly structured, covering a range of topics including civil procedure, jurisdiction, standing to sue, motions, pretrial procedure, and the structure of a lawsuit. It also includes a detailed study of the Constitution and the Bill of Rights. The professor’s questions will test whether the student has a clear understanding of the material covered in class.
Although law is created by political action, its origins are quite varied from nation to nation. A country’s constitutional arrangements and judicial doctrine play an important role in shaping laws. Laws influence the conduct of economics, history, and politics and serve as a mediator between individuals and groups. It is essential that law be accessible and easily understood by its citizens.
The rule of law is a basic concept that people value. It is a form of governance that reduces the arbitrary, peremptory, and incoherent nature of power. It also creates a reciprocal bond of constraint and reciprocity, which alleviates the asymmetry of political power.
In addition to promoting peace and stability in a society, law is also used to promote social justice and orderly social change. Some legal systems are better at serving these purposes than others. In particular, authoritarian governments use law to oppress political opponents and minorities. In addition, colonialism imposed peace in a country by setting up an empire.