Law is the system of rules that governs social relationships. It shapes history and economy. Laws may be written by government or private individuals.
Legal institutions must be accessible to ordinary people. They should protect them from abuses of power and resolve disputes. Laws should be enforceable but should be comprehensible and impersonal.
There are three kinds of laws: civil law, business law, and regulation. Government-made laws are enforceable by courts and agencies. Private individuals can also make legally binding contracts.
The rule of law is a formal concept that governs how a state operates. In modern society, the Rule of Law has been challenged for its archaic, overly complex, and dated nature.
A number of theories have attempted to explain the Rule of Law. Most of these theories focus on the procedural aspects of governance by law. However, some of these have also explored the value of complexity.
One of the most common arguments for the Rule of Law is its ability to mitigate asymmetry of political power. This is done through establishing a mutuality of constraint between law and people.
Another argument for the Rule of Law is that it provides a framework for society to work well. This makes it possible for conflicts to be resolved peacefully. When law is mapped onto members’ norms, it is more likely to be upheld.
The Rule of Law partisans believe that laws should be promulgated well in advance of individual responsibility. This is because laws are not only an indisputable fact about the world, but also a tool for citizens to use to govern themselves.