The Law of a Nation

The law of a nation governs the behavior and conduct of persons within that nation. Unlike international law, which is a set of rules created through treaties and conventions, national laws are created by the legislative, judiciary and executive bodies of the nation itself. The law of a nation can also be established through a system of precedent or custom.

In accordance with the principle of individuality and equality, the State tries to maintain minimum standards of wholesome and cultured living for all citizens in all areas of life. Laws governing marriage, inheritance, choice of domicile and other matters relating to family are enacted from the standpoint of individual dignity and essential equality between the sexes.

No person shall be deprived of his rights or liberties without a fair hearing by an impartial tribunal, or arbitrarily held. In order to arrest or detain any person, a warrant must be issued by a competent judicial officer. The accused must be at once informed of the charges against him and have the privilege to consult counsel.

Every citizen has the right to choose his religion and freely express his opinion through speech, press and other means of communication, except when it threatens public security or is against the public interest. Freedom of movement of people within the country and to change their occupation is guaranteed by law. The people of the State sincerely desire an international peace based on justice and order and forever renounce war as a sovereign right of the nation.

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Cape Town, South Africa