Throughout history, philosophers and statesmen have sought to define and defend the rule of law. Some have sought to define the distinction between lawful and despotic forms of kingship. Others have sought to establish that the rule of law should apply universally. The debate between these two sides of the issue has continued through the early modern period, the European Enlightenment, and even into the modern era.
Political power determines the ability to enact and enforce laws. While the power to impose and modify laws is typically exercised by the government, the military can sometimes command political power. Political power is crucial for the creation of law, but it differs from nation to nation. It is crucial to consider the political landscape in a country before drawing any conclusions.
The Rule of Law is a set of principles that govern the conduct of a society. These principles are both formal and procedural. Moreover, they embrace certain substantive values. For example, Lon Fuller’s Eight Formal Principles of Law include generality, prospectivity, and consistency. Other principles include feasibility, stability, and congruence.
While law is generally the result of a government’s decisions, it is not a complete explanation of the world. The rule of law affects society, politics, and economics. It binds people and protects their rights.