The Basics of Law School


Law is an extensive field that touches almost every aspect of life. There are three main branches of law: civil law, criminal law, and labour law. Labour law is the study of the tripartite relationship between employers and employees and includes rights such as collective bargaining, the right to strike, and the regulation of working conditions. Individual employment law focuses on the rights of employees in the workplace. Civil procedure involves the rules governing court proceedings, while criminal procedure is concerned with the rights of citizens to a fair trial. Finally, evidence law deals with the admissibility of evidence in courts.

In a primarily legislative system, the rules of the game are enacted by the legislature, with judicial adjustment of the rules of law possible through creative jurisprudence. A constitutional government also discloses the rights and duties of citizens, and provides remedies for violations of these rights and duties. A codified system, however, can leave gaps, but these voids can be filled with equity, general principles, and the spirit of law.

In the first year of law, students take a series of core courses to develop a strong foundation in the subject. However, as they progress through the program, they get more freedom to choose which topics they want to study. Classes are taught through a mix of lectures, group work, presentations, and class debates. Some schools offer a semester abroad experience or the opportunity to work with real-life clients through a pro bono project.

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