A lawsuit is a legal action brought in a court of law by one party (known as the plaintiff) against another (known as the defendant). The purpose of a lawsuit is to obtain some form of legal remedy, such as money damages. There are two types of lawsuits: civil and criminal.
The first step in a lawsuit is filing a complaint with the court and formally delivering it to the defendant. The complaint outlines the plaintiff’s version of events and describes how the defendant’s actions harmed them. The plaintiff then requests monetary compensation or some other legal remedy.
Once the defendant has been served, they have a chance to submit their response to the court which may deny your allegations or argue that they are not liable. Both sides will also have the opportunity to present their own evidence during a trial which may include witness testimony, documents, and exhibits.
The trial is held in front of a judge and jury who hear the case and make their decision. The decision of the jury is known as a verdict and is then entered into the court record. If either side is dissatisfied with the outcome, they can ask the court to review the case and decide on a different result. This is known as a retrial or a new trial. Both sides can also choose to appeal the verdict and request that the matter be reviewed by an appellate court.