Maritime law is the legal system that governs commerce between nations in the sea. It can be a difficult and confusing field, and you may need to consult a lawyer experienced in this area.
There are many different types of claims that can be made in maritime law. These can include towage contracts, mortgages on a ship, or salvage of a boat. There are also laws that protect the interests of individuals or organizations. For example, if an employer fails to properly maintain a vessel, the crew member will be liable for injuries caused by the negligence of the employer.
These claims can be brought in a state court or federal court. The statute of limitations is three years.
The United States Department of Transportation regulates passenger and cargo ships. It also regulates marine casualty investigations, the mandatory position reporting system for vessels, and war risk insurance.
The United Nations’ Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) is a document that establishes basic principles for international ocean law. However, it is intended to be expanded upon by the evolving customs of the signatory nations. As a result, the law of the sea has become more complex.
The United States District Courts have jurisdiction over admiralty and maritime law claims. In addition, the United States Constitution enacts Article III, Section 2 to provide that federal courts have jurisdiction over maritime claims.
The law of the sea is governed by a uniform three-year statute of limitations. There are exceptions to this rule, though.