Maritime law is the legal framework that governs the conduct of ships. The laws that protect ship owners against negligence are the foundation of maritime law. Maritime accidents occur on all types of ships. Whether the ship is a passenger vessel or a cargo ship, the maritime law provides federal compensation protections to injured workers. Though many people think they are not covered by maritime legislation, this law applies to many types of workers, from crane operators to clerical office staff.
Maritime law also regulates contracts between maritime workers and their employers. The Jones Act is an important statute that protects workers by providing them with maintenance benefits and a daily allowance. These benefits are automatic and are available to all seafarers. Furthermore, the Jones Act creates a legal cause of action against ship owners, which may also be sought through the Longshore and Harbor Workers’ Compensation Act. Regardless of whether the Jones acts applies to your case, you can still seek compensation if you have been harmed in an accident.
There are many different forms of maritime litigation. While many of them are merely disputes between seafarers, some involve the use of the courts. In some jurisdictions, such as South Africa, a ship may be impounded or seized by government officials, resulting in a legal dispute. Under these laws, the vessel owner will be granted a salvage award based on the value of the property they saved. There are a variety of other maritime cases that can be filed, including wrongful arrest and salvage.