A lawsuit is a formal legal action filed by one person or entity (the plaintiff) against another (the defendant). It involves a dispute about something that needs to be decided by a judge. There are different types of lawsuits based on the type of remedy sought and the court where the lawsuit is filed.
Most lawsuits require the plaintiff to prove that the defendant owed them a duty, that they breached that duty, and that their breach caused injury or harm to the plaintiff. You must also make sure that the court has subject matter jurisdiction and venue over your case. This means that the court has the authority to decide your case and it is in the geographical area where you live.
If you are suing a government agency, you will also need to prove that the agency has jurisdiction over your case. This usually means proving that the agency has the authority to prosecute you for what they did.
The complaint must include the full name of each plaintiff, as well as the names and titles of each defendant. You must identify whether you are suing each defendant in their official capacity or in their individual capacity. If you are suing in their official capacity, you must also state the specific duties that they perform in that role.
You should also write about each of your claims in the complaint, including the legal theories you are using to support them. You should also state what relief you are seeking from the defendants, such as money damages, declaratory relief or an injunction.