For over two centuries the Constitution has endured because its framers succeeded in separating and balancing governmental powers to safeguard majority rule and minority rights, freedom and equality. But in an era profoundly different from the one in which it was created, the nation needs new laws to cope with modern problems and challenges. In a spirit of national unity, Congress has the power to amend the Constitution.
The President shall, from time to time, give Information to Congress of the State of the Union; and recommend to their Consideration such Measures as he may deem necessary and expedient. He may, on extraordinary Occasions, convene both Houses of the Congress; and in Case of a Disagreement between them with Respect to the Time of Adjournment, declare a Day for such Adjournment. He shall receive Ambassadors and other public Ministers, and see that the Laws of the United States are faithfully executed; he shall make Treaties, provided that two thirds of the Senators present concur; and he may, on the Advice and Consent of the Senate, appoint Officers of the United States, and prescribe their Duties.
The Constitution provides that no State shall deny to any citizen life, liberty or property without due process of law; and that no person shall be subject to be put in jeopardy of his Life or Property, except by the Indictment of a Grand Jury on the Testimony of two Witnesses to the Same overt Act, or on Confession in open Court. The Constitution further guarantees the free exercise of religion and the right to a fair trial in all criminal cases.